Wayne Davis, Mark N. Gordon and Bruce PattonTwo-party integrative negotiation between agents for an opera singer and an opera house regarding a possible contract for an upcoming production, under conditions of full disclosure.
Basic facts are the same as in Sally Soprano I, except that as a result of a discussion between Sally and the Lyric Opera’s Artistic Director, all available information is known by both sides. The principals have left their agents to work out the details of a deal, knowing that something mutually advantageous is possible.
NOTE: This exercise is a modified and improved version of the exercise Sally Swansong II, developed by Norbert S. Jacker, Deborah Winter and Bruce Patton. Sally Swansong II is still available upon request.
This negotiation is best one-on-one, although two-on-two is possible. Allow 10 to 30 minutes for negotiation. Sally II is usually done as a follow-up to Sally Soprano I with 5-10 minutes preparation and a 20 minute negotiation. The language of the case does not specify whether the negotiators are lawyers or not. Allow at least a half-hour for debriefing. Discussion can extend much longer (up to two hours).
This case is a litmus test of what participants believe, on an unconscious psychological level, constitutes success in a negotiation. Is it “winning,” doing better than the other side, or is it achieving an objectively good outcome, one that satisfies your client’s interests about as well as possible? Some participants with a competitive orientation will not settle this case, although that is against the interests of both clients. The question is usually framed, before handing out the case, “Would more information make this case easier or more difficult to negotiate? Participants’ answers correspond to their orientation on “success”–“good outcome” negotiators say “easier”, competitive bargainers say “harder.”
For all parties:
- General Instructions
- All of the above
- Teaching Note
Anchoring; Attorney/Client relations; Authority; BATNA; Constituents; Fairness; Interests, dovetailing; Lawyering; Legitimacy; Meaning of “success”; Misrepresentation; Objective criteria; Offers, first; Options, generating; Pareto optimization; Precedents; Risk aversion; Risk perception; Systems of negotiation
Sally Soprano II Attributes
- Time required:
- 30 minutes – 1 hour
- Number of participants:
- Teams involved:
- Agent present:
- Neutral third party present:
- Teaching notes available:
- Non-English version available:
- Spanish, Swedish
PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center
Soft copy vs. hard copy
You may order this role simulation in either soft copy (electronic) or hard copy (paper) format. If you select the soft copy option, you will receive an e-mail with a URL (website address) from which you may download an electronic file in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. You will have one week to download your materials from when you receive the email. You are then only authorized to use, print, or share the materials as many times as the number of copies you purchase. The TNRC charges for use of this simulation on a per-participant basis. Therefore, you must purchase a separate copy of this simulation for each person who will be participating, regardless of the number of roles in the simulation. You will only receive a link to one electronic file, which includes all general instructions, confidential instructions, and any teaching notes for the simulation. You should separate out the instructions before distributing to participants.
If you select the hard copy option, you will receive paper copies of this role simulation via the shipping method you select.
For additional information about the soft copy option, please visit our FAQ section, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at email@example.com or 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.) or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.).
Please note: At the present time, Teaching Negotiation Resource Center soft copies are compatible with the following versions of the Adobe Acrobat Reader: English, German, French, Spanish, Swedish, Portuguese, Japanese, and Korean. If you have a different version of the Acrobat Reader, you may wish to download one of these at http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at firstname.lastname@example.org, 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.), or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.) for further assistance. This restriction does not apply to the freely available Teacher’s Package Review Copies.
Ordering a single copy for review
If you wish to review the materials for a particular role simulation to decide whether you’d like to use it, a PDF, or soft copy, version of the Teacher’s Package for the simulation is available as a free download from the description page of most role simulations and case studies. All Teacher’s Packages include copies of all participant materials. In addition, some Teacher’s Packages (but not all) include additional teaching materials such as teaching notes or overhead masters.
Ordering copies for multiple participants
To order multiple copies of a role simulation for use in a course or workshop, simply enter the total number of participants in the box next to “Quantity.” There is no need to calculate how many of each role is required.
If you are ordering hard copies, the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center will calculate the appropriate numbers of each role to provide, based on the total number of participants. For example, if you wish to order a 2-party role simulation for use with a class of 30 students, you would enter “30” in the box next to “Quantity.” You then would receive 15 copies of one role and 15 copies of the other role, for use with your 30 participants. As another example, if you ordered 30 participant copies of a 6-party role simulation, you would receive 5 copies of each role.
In the event that the number of participant copies you order is not evenly divisible by the number of roles in the simulation, you will receive extra copies of one or more roles. Participants receiving the extra roles may partner with other participants playing the same role, thus negotiating as a team. So, for instance, if you ordered 31 copies of a 2-party role simulation, you would receive 15 copies of the first role and 16 copies of the second role. One of the participants playing the second role would partner with another participant playing that same role, and the two would negotiate as a team.