Environmental DiplomacyNegotiating More Effective Global Agreements


Lawrence Susskind & Saleem Ali


Effective responses to global environmental problems require international cooperation, but recent global environmental treaty-making efforts have not accomplished very much along these lines. In this illuminating study, Lawrence Susskind examines the weaknesses of the existing environmental treaty-making system and the increasingly important role of non-governmental interests in environmental diplomacy. Susskind offers new approaches to designing “nearly self-enforcing” agreements that can ensure compliance without threatening sovereignty and maintains that more effective institutional arrangements are within reach. Building on the work of the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School and the International Environmental Negotiation Network, Susskind analyzes more than a dozen international environmental treatymaking efforts and offers clear guidelines for negotiating more effective global agreements that will provide for sustainable development. Environmental Diplomacy is a timely study that will be of great interest to scholars and students of environmental studies, international relations, and political science, as well as the general reader with an environmental interest.


“The single best book on the negotiating process for protecting the global environment.” – Roger Fisher, Harvard Law School, co-author of Getting to Yes

“Lawrence Susskind in this book has applied his extensive knowledge of the principles and practice of negotiation to the increasingly important subject of regulation of the global environment. Environmental Diplomacy gives us a perceptive and personal analysis of the successes and weaknesses of past international negotiations affecting the environment. Drawing from that, Susskind offers many provocative ideas for new approaches to institutions and procedures that can better advance the essential goal of protecting the common heritage of all nations and peoples.” – Eugene B. Skolnikoff, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

“Solving major global environmental problems increasingly requires new approaches and arrangements to master the complexities and dynamics of the challenging issues at stake. The negotiating techniques described in Susskind’s new book provide a successful tool to that purpose. We employed his approach with very satisfying results in the design and implementation of the Dutch National Environmental Policy Plan. The extension to global agreements is just in time. Environmental Diplomacy is a must for all who want to contribute to the implementation of Rio’s Agenda 21 towards sustainable development!” – Marius E. Enthoven, Director-General of the Environmental Protection, Ministry of Housing, Planning and Environment, The Netherlands


New to this Edition:

  • Provides an additional perspective from the Global South
  • Provides a broader analysis of the role of science in environmental treaty-making
  • Offers a unique panoramic analysis of the process of environmental treaty-making


Lawrence E. Susskind is Professor of Urban and Environmental Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the MIT-Harvard Public Disputes Program at Harvard Law School.

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To order multiple copies of a role simulation for use in a course or workshop, simply enter the total number of participants in the box next to “Quantity.” There is no need to calculate how many of each role is required.

If you are ordering hard copies, the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center will calculate the appropriate numbers of each role to provide, based on the total number of participants. For example, if you wish to order a 2-party role simulation for use with a class of 30 students, you would enter “30” in the box next to “Quantity.” You then would receive 15 copies of one role and 15 copies of the other role, for use with your 30 participants. As another example, if you ordered 30 participant copies of a 6-party role simulation, you would receive 5 copies of each role.

In the event that the number of participant copies you order is not evenly divisible by the number of roles in the simulation, you will receive extra copies of one or more roles. Participants receiving the extra roles may partner with other participants playing the same role, thus negotiating as a team. So, for instance, if you ordered 31 copies of a 2-party role simulation, you would receive 15 copies of the first role and 16 copies of the second role. One of the participants playing the second role would partner with another participant playing that same role, and the two would negotiate as a team.