Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 13

Lawrence E. Susskind, William Moomaw, and Nancy J. Waters, eds.


This volume is the thirteenth in an annual series of research papers addressing a range of transboundary environmental negotiation issues. As the papers in each year’s volume suggest, a number of themes recur: Is it possible for the developing nations of the South to negotiate effective with the developed nations of the North? How can such non-governmental interests as environmental NGOs, scientific bodies and multinational corporations participate meaningfully in the treaty negotiation process? How can nations be encouraged to take credible scientific information seriously when working out multilateral agreements? What can be done to increase compliance with international environmental treaties when the community of nations seems unlikely to employ economic or military sanctions against nations that fail to honor them? How can such linked concerns as economic development, international trade, private investment, security, and human rights to be included in the environmental treaty-making process?

In addition to touching on these recurring themes, this series addresses new questions: It it possible to overcome deeply rooted value conflicts at the heart of transboundary treaty negotiations? Given obstacles to global treaty enforcement, is “soft law” a reasonable alternative? Could new institutional arrangements (such as emissions trading systems or permanent mediating entities) help ensure implementation of complex multilateral agreements? Would bringing new actors in the process increase the likelihood that meaningful agreements can be reached? These questions are explored in the contexts of deep value conflicts, transboundary water disputes, women’s leadership, greenhouse gas emission mitigation, transboundary movement of solid waste, and the use of soft law.

As in the other volumes in this series, the authors of the papers in this collection are current or recent advanced graduate students at MIT, Harvard and Tufts University studying international law, environmental policy-making, and conflict resolution. Many of these scholars have begun to implement their ideas in the real world by taking jobs in a wide range of countries and multilateral settings where they are being given the opportunity to test the kinds of innovations they propose in these pages.


The papers in this volume include:

  • “Deep Value Conflict and the Whaling Controversy,” by Patrick Verkooijen
  • “Creating a Self-Enforcing Multilateral Agreement in the Ganges-Brahmaputra River Basin,” by Jeremy Carl
  • “Reframing the Tigris-Euphrates Basin Water Dispute,” by Ali Mostashari
  • “Women’s Leadership for CLimate Change: Lessons from the Peace Process in Moving Negotiations Forward,” by Annabel Hertz
  • “Carbon Mitigation Projects as a Tool for Environmental Initiatives and Sustainable Development,” by Nichola Minott
  • “Removing the Kinks to Links: Developing a Framework for a Future Global Emissions Trading Regime,” by Justin Sullivan
  • “Negotiating an Effective Multilateral Climate Change Agreement Using the Contingent Agreement Approach,” by John Larsen
  • “Agreeing to Limits on trade: Addressing the Issue of the Transboundary Movement of Municipal Solid Waste,” by Andres Flores Montalvo
  • “Improving Environmental Governance through Soft Law: Lessons Learned from the Bali Declaration on Forest Law and Governance in Asia,” by Erik Nielsen


Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 13 Attributes

Lawrence E. Susskind, William Moomaw, and Nancy J. Waters, eds.
Cambridge, MA: PON Books, 2004

PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center

Close window

Soft copy vs. hard copy

You may order this role simulation in either soft copy (electronic) or hard copy (paper) format. If you select the soft copy option, you will receive an e-mail with a URL (website address) from which you may download an electronic file in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. You will have one week to download your materials from when you receive the email. You are then only authorized to use, print, or share the materials as many times as the number of copies you purchase. The TNRC charges for use of this simulation on a per-participant basis. Therefore, you must purchase a separate copy of this simulation for each person who will be participating, regardless of the number of roles in the simulation. You will only receive a link to one electronic file, which includes all general instructions, confidential instructions, and any teaching notes for the simulation. You should separate out the instructions before distributing to participants.

If you select the hard copy option, you will receive paper copies of this role simulation via the shipping method you select.

For additional information about the soft copy option, please visit our FAQ section, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at or 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.) or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.).

Please note: At the present time, Teaching Negotiation Resource Center soft copies are compatible with the following versions of the Adobe Acrobat Reader: English, German, French, Spanish, Swedish, Portuguese, Japanese, and Korean. If you have a different version of the Acrobat Reader, you may wish to download one of these at, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at, 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.), or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.) for further assistance. This restriction does not apply to the freely available Teacher’s Package Review Copies.

Ordering a single copy for review

If you wish to review the materials for a particular role simulation to decide whether you’d like to use it, a PDF, or soft copy, version of the Teacher’s Package for the simulation is available as a free download from the description page of most role simulations and case studies. All Teacher’s Packages include copies of all participant materials. In addition, some Teacher’s Packages (but not all) include additional teaching materials such as teaching notes or overhead masters.

Ordering copies for multiple participants

To order multiple copies of a role simulation for use in a course or workshop, simply enter the total number of participants in the box next to “Quantity.” There is no need to calculate how many of each role is required.

If you are ordering hard copies, the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center will calculate the appropriate numbers of each role to provide, based on the total number of participants. For example, if you wish to order a 2-party role simulation for use with a class of 30 students, you would enter “30” in the box next to “Quantity.” You then would receive 15 copies of one role and 15 copies of the other role, for use with your 30 participants. As another example, if you ordered 30 participant copies of a 6-party role simulation, you would receive 5 copies of each role.

In the event that the number of participant copies you order is not evenly divisible by the number of roles in the simulation, you will receive extra copies of one or more roles. Participants receiving the extra roles may partner with other participants playing the same role, thus negotiating as a team. So, for instance, if you ordered 31 copies of a 2-party role simulation, you would receive 15 copies of the first role and 16 copies of the second role. One of the participants playing the second role would partner with another participant playing that same role, and the two would negotiate as a team.