Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 07 Global Environment: Negotiating Its Future


The seventh in the International Environmental Paper Series is divided into three sections. The first proposes global agreements which can be reached in the areas of nitrogen emissions, “common heritage” resources, and the development of renewable energy technologies.

The second section proposes two separate environmental management plans that share in common some important principles: the emphasis of citizen and NGO participation, and the importance of regional economic development.

The final section of this volume includes four papers that address some promising opportunities and problematic issues in making large-scale environmental agreements work at the global and regional levels.


The papers contained in this volume are:

  • “Defining the ‘Common Heritage of Mankind,'” by Ari Nathan
  • “The Global Nitrogen Initiative: An Opportunity for Sustainable Development and Global Change,” by James Perkaus
  • “Global Treaty on Renewable Energy,” by Frederic A. Beck
  • “The Role of Environmental Protection in Sub-Regional Economic Integration: The Case of Hidrovia and Mercosur,” by Luka A. Ney
  • “Reducing the Environmental Impact of Freight Transport: A Strategy for Europe,” by Theresa Glasmacher
  • “Eastern European NGOs in Regional Environmental Negotiations: Emerging Information Technologies as a Critical Success Factor,” by Matthias Baxman
  • “Decentralizing the Global Environmental Facility to Improve Its Performance,” by Ximena Rueda
  • “Science and Economics in Climate Change and Other International Environmental Negotiations,” by Peter Zapfel
  • “A Review of Joint-Implementation: Common Commitments, Different Burdens,” by Hae-Wook (Howard) Cheong


Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 07 Global Environment: Negotiating Its Future Attributes

Lawrence E. Susskind, William Moomaw and Teresa L. Hill, eds.
Cambridge, MA: PON Books, 1998

PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center

Close window

Soft copy vs. hard copy

You may order this role simulation in either soft copy (electronic) or hard copy (paper) format. If you select the soft copy option, you will receive an e-mail with a URL (website address) from which you may download an electronic file in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. You will have one week to download your materials from when you receive the email. You are then only authorized to use, print, or share the materials as many times as the number of copies you purchase. The TNRC charges for use of this simulation on a per-participant basis. Therefore, you must purchase a separate copy of this simulation for each person who will be participating, regardless of the number of roles in the simulation. You will only receive a link to one electronic file, which includes all general instructions, confidential instructions, and any teaching notes for the simulation. You should separate out the instructions before distributing to participants.

If you select the hard copy option, you will receive paper copies of this role simulation via the shipping method you select.

For additional information about the soft copy option, please visit our FAQ section, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at or 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.) or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.).

Please note: At the present time, Teaching Negotiation Resource Center soft copies are compatible with the following versions of the Adobe Acrobat Reader: English, German, French, Spanish, Swedish, Portuguese, Japanese, and Korean. If you have a different version of the Acrobat Reader, you may wish to download one of these at, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at, 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.), or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.) for further assistance. This restriction does not apply to the freely available Teacher’s Package Review Copies.

Ordering a single copy for review

If you wish to review the materials for a particular role simulation to decide whether you’d like to use it, a PDF, or soft copy, version of the Teacher’s Package for the simulation is available as a free download from the description page of most role simulations and case studies. All Teacher’s Packages include copies of all participant materials. In addition, some Teacher’s Packages (but not all) include additional teaching materials such as teaching notes or overhead masters.

Ordering copies for multiple participants

To order multiple copies of a role simulation for use in a course or workshop, simply enter the total number of participants in the box next to “Quantity.” There is no need to calculate how many of each role is required.

If you are ordering hard copies, the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center will calculate the appropriate numbers of each role to provide, based on the total number of participants. For example, if you wish to order a 2-party role simulation for use with a class of 30 students, you would enter “30” in the box next to “Quantity.” You then would receive 15 copies of one role and 15 copies of the other role, for use with your 30 participants. As another example, if you ordered 30 participant copies of a 6-party role simulation, you would receive 5 copies of each role.

In the event that the number of participant copies you order is not evenly divisible by the number of roles in the simulation, you will receive extra copies of one or more roles. Participants receiving the extra roles may partner with other participants playing the same role, thus negotiating as a team. So, for instance, if you ordered 31 copies of a 2-party role simulation, you would receive 15 copies of the first role and 16 copies of the second role. One of the participants playing the second role would partner with another participant playing that same role, and the two would negotiate as a team.