Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 03

Lawrence Susskind, William R. Moomaw, and Adil Najam, eds.


This volume is a preliminary sketch of how multilateral institutions may be crafted to better manage the environmental resources and systems of our planet. Prescriptive in nature, they search for ways to capitalize on the gains of the 1992 UNCED (United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development) and to ensure that its mistakes are not repeated.


This volume includes:

  • “Environmental Nongovernmental Organizations at Intergovernmental Negotiations,” by Vanessa M. McMahon
  • “Computer Networks and UNCED: Did They Really Increase Participation by Nongovernmental Organizations?” by Nancy Gabriel
  • “Free Trade, Fair Trade, and Environmental Treaty Making,” by Andrew Winden and Amy. E. Matza
  • “Integrating Environment and Trade: UNEP as an Observer of the GATT,” by Ameen Jan
  • “International Environmental Mandates to MDBs: Bridging the Gap Between Objectives and Performance,” by David Fairman and Tamar Gutner
  • “GEF: A Global Environmental Opportunity or Green Rhetoric,” by Daniele Guidi, William Conklin and Agueda de Areilza
  • “Overcoming Barriers to Successful Technology Sharing: New Roles for GEF,” by Janet L. Sawin with Timothy K. Roorda
  • “The European Community: Regional Economic Integration and Its Implications for International Environmental Negotiations,” by Daniel von Moltke and Ilze Gotelli
  • “International Environmental Negotiation: A Strategy for the South,” by Adil Najam
  • “Mediating Environmental Treaty Disputes and the International Court of Justice,” by Theodore A. Johnson


Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 03 Attributes

Lawrence E. Susskind, William R. Moomaw, and Adil Najam, eds.
Cambridge, MA: PON Books, 1993

PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center

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Soft copy vs. hard copy

You may order this role simulation in either soft copy (electronic) or hard copy (paper) format. If you select the soft copy option, you will receive an e-mail with a URL (website address) from which you may download an electronic file in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. You will have one week to download your materials from when you receive the email. You are then only authorized to use, print, or share the materials as many times as the number of copies you purchase. The TNRC charges for use of this simulation on a per-participant basis. Therefore, you must purchase a separate copy of this simulation for each person who will be participating, regardless of the number of roles in the simulation. You will only receive a link to one electronic file, which includes all general instructions, confidential instructions, and any teaching notes for the simulation. You should separate out the instructions before distributing to participants.

If you select the hard copy option, you will receive paper copies of this role simulation via the shipping method you select.

For additional information about the soft copy option, please visit our FAQ section, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at or 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.) or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.).

Please note: At the present time, Teaching Negotiation Resource Center soft copies are compatible with the following versions of the Adobe Acrobat Reader: English, German, French, Spanish, Swedish, Portuguese, Japanese, and Korean. If you have a different version of the Acrobat Reader, you may wish to download one of these at, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at, 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.), or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.) for further assistance. This restriction does not apply to the freely available Teacher’s Package Review Copies.

Ordering a single copy for review

If you wish to review the materials for a particular role simulation to decide whether you’d like to use it, a PDF, or soft copy, version of the Teacher’s Package for the simulation is available as a free download from the description page of most role simulations and case studies. All Teacher’s Packages include copies of all participant materials. In addition, some Teacher’s Packages (but not all) include additional teaching materials such as teaching notes or overhead masters.

Ordering copies for multiple participants

To order multiple copies of a role simulation for use in a course or workshop, simply enter the total number of participants in the box next to “Quantity.” There is no need to calculate how many of each role is required.

If you are ordering hard copies, the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center will calculate the appropriate numbers of each role to provide, based on the total number of participants. For example, if you wish to order a 2-party role simulation for use with a class of 30 students, you would enter “30” in the box next to “Quantity.” You then would receive 15 copies of one role and 15 copies of the other role, for use with your 30 participants. As another example, if you ordered 30 participant copies of a 6-party role simulation, you would receive 5 copies of each role.

In the event that the number of participant copies you order is not evenly divisible by the number of roles in the simulation, you will receive extra copies of one or more roles. Participants receiving the extra roles may partner with other participants playing the same role, thus negotiating as a team. So, for instance, if you ordered 31 copies of a 2-party role simulation, you would receive 15 copies of the first role and 16 copies of the second role. One of the participants playing the second role would partner with another participant playing that same role, and the two would negotiate as a team.