A type of negotiation in which the parties compete over the distribution of a fixed pool of value. Here, any gain by one party represents a loss to the other. Also known as a zero-sum negotiation or win-lose negotiation. (Richard Luecke, Harvard Business Essentials: Negotiation [Harvard Business Press, 2003], 2-3). See Also: Crisis Negotiations and Negotiation Skills Insights from the NYPD, How to Negotiate When You’re Literally Falling Apart, Expanding the Pie: Integrative Bargaining versus Distributive Bargaining.