Lawrence E. Susskind and William Moomaw, eds.
This volume is the eighth in a series of collected papers addressing the technical and political issues involved in crafting international agreements for the preservation of the environmental and sustainable and equitable use of natural resources. It is interesting to note that, over the years during which these volumes have appeared, it has become increasingly difficult to categorize the papers, as analysts and policy makers continue to discover and address the complexity of the problems of environmental management. They are complexities no less daunting and intriguing than those of nature and society themselves.
These papers were selected from those prepared by students in the 1997 presentation of the graduate seminar on environmental negotiation taught by Professors Lawrence Susskind and William Moomaw with the support of the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School. The editors have clustered the papers in this volume under four headings: north-south partnerships; regional cooperation; new tools; and new areas and concepts.
The first group of papers addresses specifically instances in which environmental protection and resource development might be pursued collaboratively by nations of the "north" and "south," and how such collaborations might be constructed. The second group addresses issues that may arise between nations within as well as across the northern and southern blocs, such as control of regional pollutants through multilateral environmental agreements and the management of international fisheries. The third group focuses on the development of innovative approaches to management issues, such as the use of environmental and impact assessment to address the transboundary and global effects of development, amendment of environmental conventions to render their requirements more stringent, and effective collaboration among NGOs with respect to environmentally responsible global governance. In the final group, the authors address new areas of inquiry, including a framework convention on global freshwater resources, suggested methods for encouraging the development of sustainable food resources not dependent on high-input monocultures, and a proposal for the creation of a Universal Declaration of the Rights of the Environment and the Rights of Humans to a Healthy Environment.
The papers included in this volume are:
- "Improving North-South Cooperation in the Emerging Climate Stabilization Regime," by Jean Acquatella
- "A Proposal for the Joint Development of Hydrocarbon Resources in the South China Sea," by Jed Baily
- "Promoting North-South NGO Collaboration in Environmental Negotiations: The Role of US Foundations," by Wendy Vanasselt
- "Environmental Side Agreements to Trade Treaties: A New Model of Environmental Policy Making?" by Margaret Laude Kuhlow
- "A Regional Approach to Military Pollution in Estonia," by Deborah Bing
- "A Framework for Managing International Fisheries," by Hather Clish
- "Environmental Impact Assessment: Addressing the Effects of Development at Transboundary and Global Scales," by David Bryan Glascock
- "Reforming the Convention Amendment Process to Facilitate the Strengthening of Commitments," by Jean Poitras
- "Environmentally Responsible Global Governance: How NGOs Can Help," by Mary Risely
- "Managing Global Freshwater Resources: A Proposed Framework Convention Regarding the Use and Management of Freshwater Resources in International River Basins," by Kathe Mullaly
- "Cultivating a Sustainable Agriculture Convention: Sowing Seed for a 'Deep Green' Revolution," by Janet R. Mendler
- "Toward Legal Standing for Natural Objects: A Proposal for the Creation of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of the Environment and the Rights of Humans to a Healthy Environment," by Ali Shirvani-Mahdavi