Governmental Role-Play:

Monroe Energy Assistance Game II


Jeffrey B. Litwak and Lawrence Susskind

Please note: you must order a copy (a.k.a. license/usage fee) for every person participating in the simulation in your course. This simulation has multiple roles, so you will be unable to complete your purchase without meeting the minimum quantity requirement of copies per role.

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PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center

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Soft copy vs. hard copy

You may order this role simulation in either soft copy (electronic) or hard copy (paper) format. If you select the soft copy option, you will receive an e-mail with a URL (website address) from which you may download an electronic file in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. You will have one week to download your materials from when you receive the email. You are then only authorized to use, print, or share the materials as many times as the number of copies you purchase. The TNRC charges for use of this simulation on a per-participant basis. Therefore, you must purchase a separate copy of this simulation for each person who will be participating, regardless of the number of roles in the simulation. You will only receive a link to one electronic file, which includes all general instructions, confidential instructions, and any teaching notes for the simulation. You should separate out the instructions before distributing to participants.

If you select the hard copy option, you will receive paper copies of this role simulation via the shipping method you select.

For additional information about the soft copy option, please visit our FAQ section, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at or 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.) or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.).

Please note: At the present time, Teaching Negotiation Resource Center soft copies are compatible with the following versions of the Adobe Acrobat Reader: English, German, French, Spanish, Swedish, Portuguese, Japanese, and Korean. If you have a different version of the Acrobat Reader, you may wish to download one of these at, or contact the PON Teaching Negotiation Resource Center at, 800-258-4406 (within the U.S.), or 301-528-2676 (outside the U.S.) for further assistance. This restriction does not apply to the freely available Teacher’s Package Review Copies.

Ordering a single copy for review

If you wish to review the materials for a particular role simulation to decide whether you’d like to use it, a PDF, or soft copy, version of the Teacher’s Package for the simulation is available as a free download from the description page of most role simulations and case studies. All Teacher’s Packages include copies of all participant materials. In addition, some Teacher’s Packages (but not all) include additional teaching materials such as teaching notes or overhead masters.

Ordering copies for multiple participants

To order multiple copies of a role simulation for use in a course or workshop, simply enter the total number of participants in the box next to “Quantity.” There is no need to calculate how many of each role is required.

If you are ordering hard copies, the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center will calculate the appropriate numbers of each role to provide, based on the total number of participants. For example, if you wish to order a 2-party role simulation for use with a class of 30 students, you would enter “30” in the box next to “Quantity.” You then would receive 15 copies of one role and 15 copies of the other role, for use with your 30 participants. As another example, if you ordered 30 participant copies of a 6-party role simulation, you would receive 5 copies of each role.

In the event that the number of participant copies you order is not evenly divisible by the number of roles in the simulation, you will receive extra copies of one or more roles. Participants receiving the extra roles may partner with other participants playing the same role, thus negotiating as a team. So, for instance, if you ordered 31 copies of a 2-party role simulation, you would receive 15 copies of the first role and 16 copies of the second role. One of the participants playing the second role would partner with another participant playing that same role, and the two would negotiate as a team.

Bulk Pricing Discount

For bulk orders, we offer the following pricing discounts. Please note that these only apply to bulk orders of the same simulation.

  • Between 100-250 copies – 10% discount
  • Between 251-500 copies – 25% discount
  • More than 500 copies – 50% discount
Log In or Register to download the free Teacher's Package Sample.


A federal statute requires each state to submit a plan detailing how it will spend its share of an energy assistance fund for low-income residents. Governor Able of Monroe, a state that has been criticized for its previous policy, has created an Energy Assistance Task Force with members from state agencies, utility companies, the legislature and consumer groups to try and reach a consensus on a new plan. The Task Force has been meeting for several months to discuss the three issues of eligibility for assistance, funding for the program, and method of payment as instructed by the Governor. Participants in the exercise are given portions of the Task Force meeting transcripts and several questions to discuss. Unlike Monroe Energy Assistance Game I, this simulation forces the parties to deal with fundamental disagreements over values. The parties have to find some way of dealing with their ideological differences, not just differing economic interests.



This exercise promotes players’ awareness of opposing parties interests and values. It encourages the exploration of additional options that might offer common ground.

Relationships can be studied and their roles in developing negotiating strategies.

The ethical and moral obligations of a mediator in a public dispute can be probed using this case.



This exercise is best played with six players (one per role). Preparation takes approximately 30-45 minutes. Allow 1-1 1/2 hours for negotiation and at least 1 hour for debriefing.


For all parties:

General Instructions

  • The Method of Payment Debate
  • The Eligibility Debate
  • The Programming Funding Debate


Teacher’s Package:

  • All of the above



BATNA; Caucusing; Closure; Coalitions; Commitment; Communication; Competition v. Cooperation; Consensus Building; Constituents; Currently perceived choice analysis; Ethics; Fairness; Group process; Information exchange; Interest, dovetailing; Partisan perceptions; Pressure tactics; Risk aversion; Single-text procedure; Time constraints; Value conflicts; Yesable propositions

Monroe Energy Assistance Game II Attributes

Authors: Jeffrey B. Litwak and Lawrence Susskind
Publisher: Program on Negotiation
Time required:
Number of participants:
Teams involved:
Agent present:
Neutral third party present:
Teaching notes available: