Learn how to negotiate like a diplomat, think on your feet like an improv performer, and master job offer negotiation like a professional athlete when you download a copy of our FREE special report, Negotiation Skills: Negotiation Strategies and Negotiation Techniques to Help You Become a Better Negotiator, from the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School.

agreement

A contract is an agreement having a lawful object entered into voluntarily by two or more parties, each of whom intends to create one or more legal obligations between them. The elements of a contract are "offer" and "acceptance" by "competent persons" having legal capacity who exchange "consideration" to create "mutuality of obligation."

The following items are tagged agreement

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What to Do When Your Batna is Not Good Enough?

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

The following question was featured in the “Ask the Negotiation Coach” section of the Negotiation Briefings newsletter, April 2010 issue. Question: What should I do when a negotiation seems to be all about price, I have no BATNA, and the other side knows it? … Read More 

Courses and Training

Secrets of Successful Dealmaking

Posted by & filed under Harvard Negotiation Institute, Harvard Negotiation Institute (5 Day Courses).

In corporate dealmaking, much of the action happens away from the negotiating table. Successful dealmakers understand that deal set-up and design greatly influence negotiation outcomes. In this program, you will examine the legal, tactical, and structural elements of dealmaking and acquire practical skills and techniques for navigating difficult tactics and pursuing interest-based negotiations. Whether you … Read More 

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John & Mary

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James Lawrence Five- or six-person mediation between manufacturing company management and a former employee (and their respective counsel) regarding the employee’s departure amid allegations of sexual harassment; optional extra role for manager accused of harassment … Read More 

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How Mediation Works

Posted by & filed under Dispute Resolution.

When negotiators can’t come to agreement but want to avoid an expensive, time-consuming, and potentially rancorous lawsuit, mediation is often their most logical choice. Mediation can help to resolve a wide range of disputes. … Read More 

Courses and Training

Negotiation Workshop: Improving Your Negotiating Effectiveness

Posted by & filed under Harvard Negotiation Institute, Harvard Negotiation Institute (5 Day Courses).

Too many negotiators leave value on the table. They painfully divide a small pie after a costly battle while failing to capture offsetting opportunities for joint gain, or win the battle, but at the cost to relationships and reputation that limit long-term value. Reliably negotiating optimal outcomes requires a keen appreciation of the negotiation process, … Read More 

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Great Negotiator Case Study Package

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James K. Sebenius and Jeswald Salacuse, with Daniel Curran, Laurence A. Green, Rebecca Hulse and Kristin Schneeman A package of factual case studies featuring recipients of the Program on Negotiation’s Great Negotiator Award … Read More 

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What are the Stages of the Mediation Process?

Posted by & filed under Mediation.

Negotiations have reached an impasse, but both sides agree on one thing: you need help resolving the dispute. You engage a neutral mediator to do just that. Rather than acting as a judge who decides who “wins” or “loses,” a third-party mediator assists parties in reaching an agreement. … Read More 

Courses and Training

Advanced Negotiation Workshop: Making Difficult Conversations More Productive

Posted by & filed under Harvard Negotiation Institute, Harvard Negotiation Institute (5 Day Courses).

When negotiations become difficult, emotions often escalate and talks break down. To overcome barriers and turn negotiations from difficult to collaborative, from breakdown to breakthrough, you must learn to understand the inter- and intra-personal dynamics at play. In this program, you will examine how your own assumptions and behaviors can help create and perpetuate negotiation … Read More 

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Free Report

Business Crisis Management: Crisis Communication Examples and How to Use Police Negotiation Tecniques

Posted by & filed under Free Report.

In this free special report negotiation experts offers advice on how to turn crisis situations into collaborative negotiations. Throughout the report, you will discover how to apply the lessons of professional hostage negotiators, avoid disasters through careful planning, diffuse tensions with angry members of the public, and break through impasse with open communication. … Read More 

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Courses and Training

Negotiation and Leadership: Dealing with Difficult People and Problems

Posted by & filed under Executive Education Seminars (3 Day Courses), executive training.

Negotiation and Leadership Dealing With Difficult People and Problems Fall: December 5-7, 2016 Spring: April 18-20, 2017 | May 15-17, 2017 | June 19-21 2017

Become a More Effective Negotiator Great leaders are great negotiators. By equipping you with the innovative negotiation strategies you need to excel at the bargaining table, Negotiation and Leadership will help you:

Improve working relationships and resolve seemingly … Read More 

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Negotiating Life

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Jeswald Salacuse Arguing that life is really a series of negotiations, deal making, and diplomacy, Salacuse gives readers the tools to make the most of any situation. … Read More 

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The New Conflict Management: Effective Conflict Resolution Strategies to Avoid Litigation

Posted by & filed under Free Report.

This report reveals how wise negotiators extract unexpected value using an indirect approach to conflict management. An aggressive management style can set you up for repeated failure. Direct conflict management approaches can be overly combative and counter-productive. Experienced negotiators know that compromise seldom succeeds. Win/lose is really lose/lose. The best negotiation strategy results in … Read More 

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How Does Mediation Work in a Lawsuit?

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

No one likes to go to court. Not only is it expensive and time-consuming, but it often leads to frustrating results and damaged relationships. So, how does mediation work in a lawsuit and is legal mediation a better route? … Read More 

Courses and Training

Getting to YES with Yourself

Posted by & filed under 1 Day Courses, executive training.

What’s the greatest obstacle to successful agreements and satisfying relationships? The unexpected truth is that often we are. In this new, one-day program led by William L. Ury, co-founder of the Program on Negotiation and author of the new book Getting to Yes with Yourself (and Other Worthy Opponents), you’ll discover how to uncover and … Read More 

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Law of Investment Treaties (The)

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Jeswald Salacuse In this revised edition, the nature, history, and significance of investment treaties are examined, as well as their impact on international investors and investments, and the governments that are party to them. Recent treaties, trends, and controversy are also discussed. … Read More 

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How to Overcome Cross Cultural Barriers in Negotiation

Posted by & filed under International Negotiation.

On February 28, 2014, Russian troops swarmed into Crimea following violent clashes between protesters and police in Kiev, Ukraine, and Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych’s abrupt departure from the country. Urging Russian president Vladimir Putin to retreat, Western leaders desperately searched for a way to help him “save face.” It was a daunting task. Having made an … Read More 

Courses and Training

Negotiation and Leadership: Dealing with Difficult People and Problems

Posted by & filed under Executive Education Seminars (3 Day Courses), executive training.

It’s often said that great leaders are great negotiators. But how does one become an effective negotiator? On-the-job experience certainly plays a role, but for most executives, taking their negotiation skills to the next level requires outside training. Designed to accelerate your negotiation capabilities, Negotiation and Leadership examines core decision-making challenges, analyzes complex negotiation scenarios, … Read More 

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“Chasing Heroin” with Situational Leadership and Negotiation

Posted by & filed under Leadership Skills.

Across the country, America’s leaders are waging a highly-publicized battle against a raging heroin epidemic. “Chasing Heroin,” an investigative report by Frontline, recently shed light on responses to the crisis, which currently contributes to over 27,000 opiate overdoses nationwide each year. What reporters found is that the best methods for combatting the problem have come … Read More 

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Conflict and Negotiation Case Study: Long-Term Business Partnerships and Negotiated Agreements

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

To protect the future interests of their organization, negotiators sometimes must accept fewer benefits or absorb greater burdens in the short run to maximize the value to all relevant parties – including future employees and shareholders – over time. Suppose that the operations VPs of two subsidiaries of an energy company are preparing to negotiate the … Read More 

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Dioxin – Waste to Energy Game

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Denise Madigan, Steve Foster, and Lawrence Susskind Six-party, multi-issue negotiation among four scientists, a city representative, and an environmentalist to develop the city’s solid waste management strategy; also known as: Dioxin: Resource Recovery. … Read More 

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Does Your Personality Impact Your Ability to be a Successful Negotiator?

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Imagine that after some negative experiences at the bargaining table or if you are frustrated in your efforts to improve your negotiation skills, you’ve started to worry that you simply don’t have the right personality to be a great negotiator let alone a value-creating, integrative negotiations expert. The other party always seems to get the … Read More 

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Islands of Agreement Managing Enduring Armed Rivalries

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We are culturally conditioned to think of war and peace in binary terms of strict opposition. Correspondingly, we tend to focus our attention on conflict prevention or conflict resolution. But as Islands of Agreement demonstrates, peace and war are seldom polar totalities but increasingly can and do coexist within the confines of a single scenario. Consequently, … Read More 

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Sally Soprano: Role-Play Simulation

Posted by & filed under Free Report.

Sally Soprano is a distinguished soprano who is now somewhat past her prime. She has not had a lead role in two years but would like to revive her career. The Lyric Opera has a production scheduled to open in three weeks, but its lead soprano has become unavailable. Lyric’s representative has requested a meeting … Read More 

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The Value of Using Scorable Simulations in Negotiation Training

Posted by & filed under Teaching Negotiation.

In the fall of 2015, members of the PON faculty and negotiation community gathered to hear Gordon Kaufman (MIT Morris A. Adelman Professor of Management, Emeritus) speak about how he uses quantifiable data to plot student-learning trajectories. The conversation focused on the ongoing debate within the negotiation pedagogy community regarding the way we assess instructional outcomes. Quantif-why-able? PON co-founder … Read More 

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Hydropower In Santales

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Jennie Hatch under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind Six-party, multi-issue negotiation focused on issues of public engagement in hydropower-based energy development … Read More 

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How to Renegotiate a Bad Deal

Posted by & filed under Dealing with Difficult People.

Many viewed the deal to be a terrible one from the start. In December 2008, Richard M. Daley, then Chicago’s mayor, announced that his administration had agreed to lease the city’s parking meters for 75 years to a private company for nearly $1.2 billion in an attempt to tackle a budget shortfall of about $500 … Read More 

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Negotiating with the Ministry of Health

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Larry Susskind (MIT), Ona Ferguson, and Meredith Sciarrio Two, separate, two-person, non-scorable negotiations: one between Technical Co-chairs from the Center for Disease Control and USAID; the other between a CDC Technical Co-Chair and the Minister of Health in the imaginary host country of Sabada. … Read More 

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Negotiating with Another Federal Agency

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Larry Susskind (MIT), Ona Ferguson, and Meredith Sciarrio Two, separate, two-person, non-scorable negotiations: one between Technical Co-chairs from the Center for Disease Control and USAID; the other between a CDC Technical Co-Chair and the Minister of Health in the imaginary host country of Sabada. … Read More 

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Flooding and Climate Change Risks in Northam

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Seven-person, multi-issue facilitated negotiation among local government, community, business, environmental, and engineering representatives trying to reach agreement on a strategy for managing climate change risks in a small coastal city … Read More 

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Coastal Flooding in Shoreham

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Seven-person, multi-issue facilitated negotiation among local government, community, business, and environmental representatives trying to reach agreement on a strategy for managing climate change risks in a medium-sized coastal community … Read More 

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Exercising Its BATNA, American Apparel Ousts Dov Charney

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

On June 18, 2015 the board of retailer American Apparel informed the company’s controversial founder, Dov Charney, that it was ousting him from his roles as chairman and CEO. For years, Charney had fended off sexual-harrassment lawsuits and rumors of inappropriate behavior. But only when the company’s creditors grew anxious about its long-term liability did … Read More 

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Coastal Flooding and Climate-Related Risks in Launton

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Seven-person, multi-issue facilitated negotiation among local government, community, business, and environmental representatives trying to reach agreement on a strategy for managing climate change risks in a small, beachfront community. … Read More 

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Flooding in Milton

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Seven-person, multi-issue facilitated negotiation among local government, community, business, and environmental representatives trying to reach agreement on a strategy for managing climate change risks in a mid-size coastal city. … Read More 

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Beware Your Counterpart’s Biases

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

In the past we have encouraged you to ‘debias’ your own behavior by identifying the assumptions that may be clouding your judgment. We have introduced you to a number of judgment biases – common, systematic errors in thinking that are likely to affect your decisions and harm your outcomes in negotiation. Learn how to identify … Read More 

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Canada-China Panda Acquisition Negotiation

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Stephen Weiss Two-team (6 person), multi-issue contract negotiation between Canadian zoo CEOs and representatives of Chinese organization responsible for giant panda loans … Read More 

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What an Operatic Role-Play Simulation Can Teach You About Negotiation

Posted by & filed under Teaching Negotiation.

A distinguished older soprano, Sally has not had a lead role in two years. However, when another soprano falls ill, the Lyric Opera is eager to hire Sally…but at what price? Sally Soprano is one of the best-known role-play simulations from the Program on Negotiation’s Teaching Negotiation Resource Center (TNRC). And it’s a classic for good … Read More 

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The Art of Negotiation

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Program on Negotiation faculty member and Harvard Business School professor Michael Wheeler brings you a new, next-generation approach to negotiation. Michael Wheeler’s new book, The Art of Negotiation, demonstrates that the best negotiators are adept at managing chaos and uncertainty and rarely trap themselves with rigid plans and entrenched positions. Understanding that negotiation is a process … Read More 

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MESO Negotiation Strategies and Negotiation Techniques

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

MESO negotiation techniques for negotiators include creating value at the bargaining table by identifying multiple proposals of equal value and presenting them to your counterpart simultaneously. By making tradeoffs across issues, parties can obtain greater value on the issues that are most important to them. But how can you be sure you’re making the right … Read More 

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What To Do With Hexiglass?

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Beth Doherty and Hal Movius 3-player, non-scoreable game designed to teach the benefits of managing communication and trust in the context of a technology negotiation. … Read More 

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Win As Much WATER As You Can!

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Catherine Ashcraft Four-person, scoreable, prisoner’s dilemma game where players decide how to handle low water levels in 10 quick rounds; an adaptation of the case “Win As Much As You Can.” … Read More 

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Civic FusionMediating Polarized Public Disputes

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By Susan L. Podziba. Civic fusion is when people bond to achieve a common public goal, even as they sustain deep value differences. This book offers proven strategies for moving polarized parties to consensus solutions based on the author’s 25 years of mediation experience, including working with pro-life and pro-choice leaders after fatal shootings at … Read More 

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Finn River Basin

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Danya Rumore, Anjali Lohani, and Mubarik Imam Seven-party, seven-person, multi-issue negotiation game involving a dispute over inter-provincial water allocations. It explores issues of prediction and monitoring, water sharing, and the environmental adequacy of water flows. … Read More 

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Setting Standards in Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Salary Negotiations.

As the starting point from which all commercial transactions occur, from purchasing equipment to setting salaries, negotiation in business is an essential skill no matter what field a negotiator finds herself. Using an objective standard can strengthen your proposal and eliminate emotional bias. … Read More 

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Negotiating About Pandas for San Diego Zoo

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Stephen Weiss and Sarah Tatrallyay This case study centers on the most challenging task for a negotiator: to reach a satisfactory agreement with a tough counterpart from a position of low power—and to do so in an uncommon context. The case concerns the executive director of a zoo in the U.S. who seeks two giant pandas, … Read More 

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Arbitration vs Mediation: How Negotiators Can Effectively Use Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

Arbitration, mediation, and the dispute resolution process – how negotiators can effectively use alternative dispute resolution (ADR), conflict management and conflict resolution techniques to resolve disputes, repair relationships, and find opportunities for value creation at the bargaining table. It’s often the case that when two people or organizations try to resolve a dispute by determining who … Read More 

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 18: The Next Generation of Environmental Agreements (2011)

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 18: The Next Generation of Environmental Agreements (2011)

“Introduction,” by Lawrence Susskind “Expanding the Role and Function of Science Advisory Panels: A New Way to Bridge Science and Policy in Environmental Treaty Regimes,” by Mona Funiciello “Toward an International Geoengineering Agreement: The Promises (and Pitfalls) of Negotiating a Convention on Global Climate Interventions,” … Read More 

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Water Diplomacy

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Shafiqul Islam and Lawrence E. Susskind In this book, the authors show how open and constantly changing water networks can be managed successfully using collaborative adaptive techniques to build informed agreements among disciplinary experts, water users with conflicting interests, and governmental bodies with countervailing claims. … Read More 

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Why is Negotiation Important: Mediation in Transactional Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Mediation.

We generally think of mediation as a dispute-resolution device. Federal mediators intervene when collective bargaining breaks down. Diplomats are sometimes called in to mediate conflicts between nations. So-called multi-door courthouses encourage litigants to mediate before incurring the costs – and risks – of going to trial. … Read More 

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 10: Reforming the International Environmental Treaty-Making System (2001)

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 10: Reforming the International Environmental Treaty-Making System (2001)

“A Declaration on Transnational Relief and a Code of Conduct in Cases of Environmental Emergency: A New Proposal,” by Naoki Maegawa

“A Proposed International Framework Convention on Bioinvasive Species,” by Wendy Jastremski

“Addressing North-South Power Asymmetry in International Environmental Negotiations,” by Robert Blair

“Capacity-Building Strategies in Support of … Read More 

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Negotiation Techniques from the M&A World

Posted by & filed under Business Negotiations.

Negotiators often have to deal with more than one party to reach their goals and often tailor their negotiation techniques towards this end. These negotiation scenarios pose unique challenges, yet most negotiation advice focuses on talks between two parties. … Read More 

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 15: Ensuring a Sustainable Future (2006)

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 15: Ensuring a Sustainable Future (2006)  

“Introduction,” by Lawrence E. Susskind and William R. Moomaw “ASEAN Energy Cooperation: An Opportunity for Regional Sustainable Energy Development,” by Phinyada Atchatavivan

“Engaging Non-Governmental Organizations with International Environmental Negotiations: Institutional Approaches to Reforming State-NGO Interactions,” by Beaudry E. Kock

“Gender and International Environmental Negotiations – How Far … Read More 

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 16: Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Treaty-Making System

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 16: Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Treaty-Making System (2007) This volume is available in print. Click here to order.

“Introduction,” by Lawrence E. Susskind and William R. Moomaw

“A Process and Implementation Protocol to the UNFCCC,” by Jonathan Phillips

“Building Adaptive Capacity into Transboundary Water Regimes,” by Anna Schulz

“Capacity Building and a … Read More 

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Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Measures

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Elizabeth Fierman under the supervision of David Fairman, David Plumb, Lawrence Susskind, Philip Angell, and Kelly Levin Eight-party negotiation (with option for a ninth person facilitator) regarding climate change issues in a situation loosely based on the situation in Viet Nam. … Read More 

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Indigenous Rights and the Environment in Latin America

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Note: Purchase of the teacher’s manual for this Workable Peace Curriculum Unit includes a site license, which grants the user permission to reproduce its contents (including the role simulation instructions) for academic purposes at a single site, such as a school or organization. The individual role simulation for the Indigenous Rights and the Environment in … Read More 

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Value Claiming in Negotiation

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

In most negotiations, we face two goals: claiming value and creating value. Value can be defined as anything you would like to get out a negotiation, whether it be more dollars, a consulting contract, a new rug, an end to conflict, and so on. … Read More 

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Religion and Nationalism in Northern Ireland

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Note: Purchase of the teacher’s manual for this Workable Peace Curriculum Unit includes a site license, which grants the user permission to reproduce its contents (including the role simulation instructions) for academic purposes at a single site, such as a school or organization. The individual role simulation for the Religion and Nationalism in Northern Ireland curriculum … Read More 

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Leadership Style Assessment: Road Map for Podemos in Spain

Posted by & filed under Leadership Skills.

The skills required for honing an effective participative leadership style have a great deal in common with those used by good negotiators. Following the May 24, 2015 municipal elections in Spain, all of those skills are being put to the test. The elections delivered a stunning rebuke to the incumbent conservative Popular Party of Mariano … Read More 

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Win-Win Negotiations: Should You Consider a Deal Sweetener?

Posted by & filed under Win-Win Negotiations.

The following question was asked of Andrew Wasynczuk, MBA Class of 1953 and Senior Lecturer of Business Administration Harvard Business School in the Negotiation Briefings monthly “Ask the Negotiation Coach” column: I run a midsized retail sports-apparel chain located in the southwestern United States. I’ve been searching for a seasoned executive to lead new store expansion … Read More 

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Conflict and Negotiation Case Study: The Pitfalls of Negotiations Over Email

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

Negotiation research suggests that email often poses more problems than solutions when it comes to relationships, information exchange, and outcomes in conflict resolution negotiation scenarios. First, establishing social rapport via email can be challenging. The lack of nonverbal cues and the dearth of social norms regarding its use can cause negotiators to be impolite and … Read More 

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Papers on International Environmental Negotiation, Volume 07 Global Environment: Negotiating Its Future

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The seventh in the International Environmental Paper Series is divided into three sections. The first proposes global agreements which can be reached in the areas of nitrogen emissions, “common heritage” resources, and the development of renewable energy technologies. The second section proposes two separate environmental management plans that share in common some important principles: the emphasis … Read More 

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Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Training: Mediation Curriculum

Posted by & filed under Mediation.

In 2009, we collected many types of curriculum materials from teachers and trainers who attended the Mediation Pedagogy Conference. We received general materials about classes on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) as well as highly specific and idiosyncratic units like Conflict Resolution through Literature: Romeo and Juliet and a negotiating training package for female managers … Read More 

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Power in Negotiation: The Impact on Negotiators and the Negotiation Process

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

According to Dacher Keltner of the University of California at Berkeley and his colleagues, power in negotiation affects two primary neurological regulators of behavior: the behavioral approach system and the behavioral inhibition system. Powerful negotiators demonstrate “approach related” behaviors such as expressing positive moods and searching for rewards in their environment. … Read More 

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What is Negotiation?

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Many people dread negotiation, not recognizing that they negotiate on a regular, even daily basis. Most of us face formal negotiations throughout our personal and professional lives: discussing the terms of a job offer with a recruiter, haggling over the price of a new car, hammering out a contract with a supplier. … Read More 

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ENCO

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Jeswald W. Salacuse, Arun Venkataraman, and Fritz von Carp … Read More 

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Worst Negotiation Tactics of 2015

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Here are some of the worst negotiation tactics displayed during calendar year 2015 – from hard-bargaining, distributive negotiation strategies aimed at getting the whole pie to stonewalling strategies intended to stymy the development of a negotiated agreement. … Read More 

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The Leadership Styles of “Girls” at the Negotiating Table

Posted by & filed under Leadership Skills.

Lena Dunham is a hugely successful actor, writer, and director, but the creator of the HBO hit show “Girls,” is also a formidable negotiator. In a January 2016 interview for LinkedIn, Dunham and her co-producer Jenni Konner described the challenges and rewards of good deal-making in an industry that is notorious for gender discrimination. While … Read More 

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Probation Games

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Lawrence Susskind and Susan Podziba A set of three simulations developed for and used in training court probation officers in negotiation techniques. … Read More 

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How to Write a Contract: Three Deal-Drafting Pitfalls

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

The transfer of an agreement from negotiators to lawyers or other professional deal drafters can introduce three main types of mistakes. Read on to discover how you can avoid making these same mistakes at the bargaining table during your next dealmaking negotiation session. … Read More 

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Oil Pricing Exercise

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Roger Fisher Two-team, scoreable, multiple round, “prisoner’s dilemma”-style negotiation between representatives of two countries over the monthly price for barrels of oil. … Read More 

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Negotiation Skills: Threat Response at the Bargaining Table

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

When someone issues a threat or an ultimatum, take a step back and diagnose the problem. Consider how you would respond to threats and ultimatums such as these during negotiation. In the face of such tough talk, should you strike back with a counterthreat? Probably not. Because counterthreats raise the emotional temperature of a negotiation, … Read More 

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Flooding

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Sarah Hammitt and Jessica Artiles under the direction of Professor Lawrence Susskind An eight-party, environmentally-focused role-play simulation, Flooding deals with an investment firm that is in the final stages of a multi-year planning process for a large, riverside mixed-use development. FEMA recently updated Evantown’s Flood Insurance Rate Map and the development falls within the 100-year floodplain. … Read More 

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BATNA and Other Sources of Power at the Negotiation Table

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

BATNA negotiations involve a negotiators knowledge of her best alternatives to a negotiated agreement and are one of three sources of negotiating power at the bargaining table, according to negotiation researcher Adam D. Galinsky and New York University’s Joe C. Magee. … Read More 

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Negotiation Topics in Business: Coming Up with Win-Win Solutions at the Bargaining Table

Posted by & filed under Business Negotiations.

Even those who effectively engage in an integrative negotiations or mutual-gains approach to negotiation, a bargaining scenario in which parties work together to meet interests and maximize value creation during the negotiation process, can be stymied by the task of dividing up a seemingly fixed pie of resources, such as budgets, revenue, and time. … Read More 

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Arbitration vs Mediation: What’s Wrong with Traditional Arbitration?

Posted by & filed under Mediation.

Arbitration vs mediation: Traditionally, the arbitrator is not limited to selecting one of the parties’ contract proposals but may determine the contract terms on his own. If negotiators know that impasse will lead to traditional arbitration, they typically assume that the arbitrator will reach a decision that’s an approximate midpoint between their final offers. … Read More 

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HackerStar Negotiation, The

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Morgan Guaranty Trust Company Realistic video depicting the use of principled negotiation to prepare for and negotiate a bitter business dispute, featuring Getting to YES co-author Roger Fisher … Read More 

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Teaching Negotiation Videos – All Downloadable!

Posted by & filed under Teaching Negotiation.

Have you been energized by the unique “aha” moment students experience when video is used in their class? Us too! At the Teaching Negotiation Resource Center we’ve seen increasing demand for our videos as they provide educators with a stimulating launching pad for group discussion. Whether videos are a frequent component in your curriculum, or even if … Read More 

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Great Negotiator 2004: Ambassador Richard Holbrooke

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Edited by James K. Sebenius and Ellen Knebel Video featuring Ambassador Richard Holbrooke discussing his role brokering the Dayton agreement that ended the 1992-95 war in Bosnia as well as his role in resolving the multinational dispute over U.S. dues owed in arrears to the United Nations … Read More 

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Great Negotiator 2003: Stuart Eizenstat

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Edited by James K. Sebenius Video featuring excerpts from a discussion with Stuart Eizenstat regarding his efforts negotiating reparations for victims of Nazi Germany … Read More 

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Resolving Environmental Regulatory Disputes

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Rules and regulations set by government agencies are meant to protect the environment, but they often impose hardships on the very companies and communities they are designed to protect. These groups then seek to minimize the losses through long and costly litigation. In this volume, professors Susskind, Bacow and Wheeler offer an alternative to expensive and … Read More 

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10 Top Business Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

Looking back on the past, 2013 witnessed a series of colorful mergers, acquisitions, and other deals. Here are the 10 top negotiations and negotiation trends of that year from which business dealmakers can learn. … Read More 

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Managing Difficult Negotiators

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

In negotiation, we are often confronted with the task of dealing with difficult people—those who seem to prefer to set up roadblocks rather than break down walls, or who choose to take hardline stances rather than seeking common ground. If you’re skilled in BATNA negotiations, you’ll have an easier time dealing with such people. … Read More 

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How to Deal with a Difficult Mediator

Posted by & filed under Mediation.

Francesca Gino, Program on Negotiation faculty member and author of the bestselling book, Sidetracked: Why Our Decisions Get Derailed and How We Can Stick to the Plan, tackles this question from a Negotiation Briefings reader concerning how to deal with a mediator that is abrasive, dismissive, or even rude. … Read More 

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New Sovereignty (The)Compliance with International Regulatory Agreements

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In an increasingly complex and interdependent world, states resort to a bewildering array of regulatory agreements to deal with problems as disparate as climate change, nuclear proliferation, international trade, satellite communications, species destruction, and intellectual property. In such a system, there must be some means of ensuring reasonably reliable performance of treaty obligations. The standard … Read More 

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Managing a Multiparty Negotiation

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

Multiparty negotiations can be incredibly challenging. Just ask the negotiators from over 170 countries who managed to reach agreement on October 15 on a legally binding accord to combat climate change. … Read More 

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Negotiation Strategies for Mutual Gain

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This volume is a collection of essays which present key concepts and strategies intended to promote effective negotiation and mutually beneficial dispute resolution. This book is for people in all fields who need to deal with conflict and resolve issues on a continual basis. The book assumes that conflicts, managed well, can provide the impetus … Read More 

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Negotiating Rationally

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On the basis of their studies of the negotiation behavior of more than 10,000 executives and students over the past five years, Bazerman and Neale conclude that most managers tend to behave irrationally in negotiations. In this book they explore many of the common mistakes that negotiators often make, explaining how such irrational errors can … Read More 

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Multiparty NegotiationFour-Volume Set

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This comprehensive four-volume collection on multiparty negotiation brings together nearly 100 classic works and cutting-edge papers from law, international politics, organization studies and public administration … Read More 

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Manager as Negotiator (The)Bargaining for Cooperation and Competitive Gain

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This fine blend of Harvard scholarship and seasoned judgment is really two books in one. The first develops a sophisticated approach to negotiation for executives, attorneys, diplomats – indeed, for anyone who bargains or studies its challenges. The second offers a new and compelling vision of the successful manager: as a strong, often subtle negotiator, … Read More 

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Negotiation in Business Without a BATNA – Is It Possible?

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

In a negotiation scenario, you always have a best alternative to a negotiated agreement. Negotiation research and negotiation strategy helps negotiators find their BATNA, leverage it at the bargaining table, and illustrates the impact that knowing your BATNA has on a negotiation. … Read More 

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Making Global DealsWhat Every Executive Should Know About Negotiating Abroad

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Picking up where other negotiation books leave off, this practical, incisive handbook shows executives, lawyers, and government officials how to survive and thrive in today’s highly competitive international marketplace. Making Global Deals explains how to overcome the obstacles-the instability of the international marketplace and differences in culture, ideology, law, politics, and currencies-and come out on top … Read More 

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Handbook of Dispute Resolution (The)

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Winner, National Institute for Advanced Conflict Resolution’s 2005 Book Award – A cutting-edge, comprehensive, inter-disciplinary resource regarding the nature of disputes and the range of dispute resolution processes … Read More 

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10 Top Negotiation Examples

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

It never hurts to learn from the past. Here’s a recap of some of the most interesting and challenging negotiations from the past, featuring many of the world’s most famous negotiators. … Read More 

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Getting to YES

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Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton A straightforward, universally applicable method for negotiating personal and professional disputes without getting taken-and without getting angry. … Read More 

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Getting Ready to Negotiate The Getting to YES Workbook

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The companion volume to Getting to Yes — an essential, easy-to-use workbook on effective negotiating. Getting Ready to Negotiate

The first workbook to illustrate the process described in the extraordinary bestseller, Getting to Yes.

Designed to help the beginner as well as the seasoned pro prepare for every type of negotiation.

Use the book as a refresher course on … Read More 

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Dividing the Child Social and Legal Dilemmas of Custody

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Questions about how children fare in divided families have become as perplexing and urgent as they are common. In this work on custody arrangements, the developmental psychologist Eleanor Maccoby and the legal scholar Robert Mnookin consider these questions and their ramifications for society. This book examines the social and legal realities of how divorcing parents make … Read More 

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Breaking the Impasse Consensual Approaches to Resolving Public Disputes

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Drawing on his experience in the MIT-Harvard Public Disputes Program, a leading mediator and his co-author provide the first jargon-free guide to consensual strategies for resolving public disputes-indispensable to citizen activists and to business and government leaders.   “A complement to Getting to Yes . . . shows how parties involved in public disputes over housing projects, … Read More 

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Leadership in Crisis Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Leadership Skills.

Since the start of the global economic recession in 2008, few issues have proven as explosive as the Greek debt crisis. The Greek government’s commitment to repay billions of dollars in loans has been a source of contention with creditors ever since a sizable bailout was issued in 2010. … Read More 

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Beyond Reason

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Roger Fisher and Daniel Shapiro Winner of the 2005 CPR Award for Excellence in ADR (Outstanding Book Category). Practical and straightforward advice to use emotions to turn a professional or personal disagreement – big or small – into an opportunity for mutual gain. … Read More 

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3-D Negotiation

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David Lax & James Sebenius A path-breaking introduction to the “three dimensions” of complex negotiated deal-making: table tactics, deal design, and the crucial but often overlooked dimension of setup … Read More 

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Famous Negotiators: Angela Merkel and Vladimir Putin

Posted by & filed under International Negotiation.

At a January press conference last year, German chancellor Angela Merkel dangled a carrot in front of Russian president Vladimir Putin: the possibility of a summit in Kazakhstan aimed at easing the Ukraine crisis, to be attended by her and the leaders of France and Ukraine. That carrot, however, was dangling from a significant string. … Read More 

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You Can’t Enlarge the Pie Six Barriers to Effective Government

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When they learn how to negotiate and solve problems, students in management schools are taught two things. First, they are to look for and recognize any cognitive biases that may be affecting their own decisions about possible solutions. Second, in any disagreement, they are to seek out “wise tradeoffs”: resolutions that minimize the costs and … Read More 

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Dealmaking: Avoiding Pitfalls in Deal Drafting

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

Whatever the root causes of faulty drafting, negotiators need to better understand and manage certain aspects of the deal drafting process. Here are three ways to ensure that breakdowns don’t occur on the way from handshake to contract. … Read More 

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Consensus Building Handbook

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Lawrence Susskind, Sarah McKearnan & Jennifer Thomas-Larmer Winner of the 1999 CPR Award for Excellence in ADR (Outstanding Book Category) … Read More 

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Built to Win Creating a World-Class Negotiating Organization

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Hal Movius and Lawrence Susskind A prescriptive, tools-driven model for aligning organizational structures, processes and culture with negotiation goals, in order to transform organizational negotiation capabilities into a competitive advantage … Read More 

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Bargaining with the Devil

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Robert Mnookin offers practical advice for the most challenging conflicts — when you are facing an adversary you don’t trust, who may harm you, or who you may even feel is evil. … Read More 

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Culture and Negotiation

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Culture-along with many other variables-often affects international negotiations. Culture and Negotiation offers a unique contribution by focusing on the distinctive impact of culture, both in creating unexpected opportunities for dispute settlement and in imposing obstacle to agreement. Part I presents expert views on the nature and limits of culture’s influence on negotiation. Part II comprises … Read More 

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World Trade Center Redevelopment Negotiation

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Lawrence Susskind, Katherine Harvey, David Kovick, F. Peter Phillips, Marc Wolinsky, Cathy Cronin Harris, and Simeon Baum Six-person facilitated negotiation among representatives of the city, state, developer, insurer, and victims’ families regarding the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site following the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks … Read More 

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How to Work with Your Counterpart in Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Negotiation skills in business communication and seeking advice from others, what are the potential benefits? Advice seeking inherently employs multiple self-presentation tactics (including ingratiation, self-promotion, and supplication), it allows us to improve both our competence and our likability. … Read More 

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Wintertime in Winterville

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Jonathan Raab, Sarah McKearnan, Jan Martinez, and Michele Ferenz Four-party negotiation among a federal building manager, the building contracting officer, a local employment agency, and a nonprofit organization regarding the renewal of a janitorial services contract in the context of past service problems … Read More 

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Top Ten Business Negotiation Articles

Posted by & filed under Business Negotiations.

Here are the top ten business negotiations articles on the Program on Negotiation website. Drawn from a variety of negotiation case studies as well as negotiation research, the following articles present negotiation examples in real life and offer strategies for engaging in integrative negotiations strategies aimed at creating win-win scenarios for each party at the … Read More 

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Williams v. Northville

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Kate Harvey and David Kovick, under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind and Jennifer Brown 5-person, non-scorable mediation between a school principal and a parent (with attorneys) regarding a values-based dispute over classroom discussions and materials addressing same-sex couples and their families … Read More 

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The Negotiation Process in China

Posted by & filed under International Negotiation.

With its booming economy and growing international consumer influence, the role of negotiation in international business is more important than ever and negotiation skills appropriate for China are in high-demand. Here are a few negotiation tips to help you successfully navigate your next round of business negotiations in China. … Read More 

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Williams Medical Center

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Eileen Babbitt and Lawrence Susskind Five-party negotiation among representatives of pharmacists, physicians, nurses, and administrators to develop recommended changes to the drug prescription policy of a large metropolitan teaching hospital … Read More 

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Westville

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John Forester and David Stitzel Three-person, three-issue, integrative, scoreable mediation among representatives of a homelessness task force and a neighborhood group, mediated by a planning department representative, over the terms of a proposed homeless shelter in their suburban town … Read More 

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Negotiating Around a Bad BATNA

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

Don’t assume your public statements will win over a reluctant negotiator. Know when it’s best to move on and make the most of your current situation. … Read More 

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Welding Connection

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Marjorie Corman Aaron and Jim Lawrence Four-person grievance mediation among counsel for a welding company, a union representative, and a discharged employee over the legitimacy of the discharge, which was based on a positive drug test … Read More 

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Managing Expectations in Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

Successful negotiators work hard to ensure that when they and their counterpart leave a negotiation, both sides feel satisfied with the agreement. Why should you care whether the other side is pleased with the deal or not? … Read More 

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United States v. Dunlop

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Dan Vogel, under the supervision of Robert Bordone Four-person, three-issue, two-round between U.S. prosecutors, an executive charged with securities fraud, and defense counsel over the terms of a possible plea bargain; attorney-client interviews are followed by a plea bargain negotiation … Read More 

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Tulia and Ibad Mediation

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William Ury, Ibrahim Ibrahim and Roger Fisher Three-team, multi-issue mediation involving two or more representatives each of the country of Tulia, the country of Ibad, and the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.) regarding a cease-fire between the two warring countries … Read More 

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Three-Party Coalition Exercise

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Lawrence Susskind Short three-party scoreable negotiation among representatives of three organizations over the integrative and distributive aspects of a possible 2- or 3-party coalition … Read More 

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Theotis Wiley

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Jake Erhard, under the supervision of Robert Bordone Two-party integrative negotiation between agents for a basketball player and a shoe manufacturer over a possible sneaker endorsement deal … Read More 

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Terminal Lighting Problems

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Marjorie Corman Aaron and JAMS/ Endispute Two-party integrative negotiation between a contractor and an airport client regarding the delayed installation of lighting fixtures … Read More 

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Telecom Services

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Beth Doherty under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind Two-party, two-issue, integrative, scoreable negotiation over the terms of a telecommunications services contract … Read More 

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A Discussion with Frank Sander about the Multi-Door Courthouse Concept

Posted by & filed under International Negotiation.

As a collaboration between UST School of Law and the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School, the following is the transcript of a conversation between the creator of the multi-door courthouse, Harvard Law Professor Frank E.A. Sander, and the executive director and founder of the University of St. Thomas (UST) International ADR [Alternative Dispute … Read More 

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Technology Equipment Partners

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Tracey Brenner, under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind Two-team, six-party, four-issue negotiation between representatives of two corporations setting up a simultaneous high-tech joint venture and purchasing agreement … Read More 

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Take your BATNA to the Next Level

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

If your current negotiation reaches an impasse, what’s your best outside option? Most seasoned negotiators understand the value of evaluating their BATNA, or best alternative to a negotiated agreement, a concept that Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton introduced in their seminal book, Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In (Penguin, 1991, second … Read More 

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Super Slipster

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Matt Smith under the supervision of Robert C. Bordone, with revisions by Michael Moffitt Two-party personal injury settlement negotiation between the attorney for the injured plaintiff and general counsel for the defendant toy manufacturing company … Read More 

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Summitville Service Agreement

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Patrick Field and Tracy Dyke A two-team (four-party), co-mediated, multi-issue negotiation simulation involving a bitter property tax dispute between a small town and an Indian band living on a nearby reservation … Read More 

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Stakes of Engagement, The

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Nicholas Sabin Two-party, multi-issue, scoreable negotiation regarding a prenuptial agreement, calling for a balance of substantive and relationship concerns … Read More 

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St. Francis Hospital and the Managed Medical Model

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Patricia Moore and Lawrence Susskind Five-party, four-issue negotiation among representatives for a financially struggling hospital’s administrators, doctors, and nurses over budget priorities and expanded application of the managed medical model … Read More 

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How to Avoid Faulty Negotiated Agreements

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

Some of the trickier aspects of designing the right contract with your agent include properly aligning her incentives and monitoring her work. Supervising your agent can be especially hard when she knows more than you do about the area of work. For example, hiring an agent who is a lawyer and paying her on an … Read More 

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Springfield OutFest

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Kate Harvey and David Kovick, under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind and Jennifer Brown This is a six-person, non-scorable negotiation simulation focused on mediating values-based legal disputes, specifically disputes involving conflicting views and values regarding homosexuality and religious faith. … Read More 

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Rosenberg v. Lincoln Landscaping

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Pat Aaron Three-person small claims mediation between a landscaping company and its client over a disputed bill and quality of service … Read More 

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Team Building Using Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

To avoid conveying weakness to the other side, rather than calling for a break at the first sign of trouble, some teams devised secret signals they could use to bring wayward members in line—for instance, someone might stretch out her arms to communicate to another member that he’s getting off track. … Read More 

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Radwaste II

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Tod Loofbourrow, Lawrence Susskind, Denise Madigan and Wendy Rundle Six-party, multi-issue negotiation among state and local government, enviromental, and industry representatives to select one of three sites for low-level radioactive waste disposal … Read More 

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Radwaste I

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Tod Loofbourrow, Lawrence Susskind, Denise Madigan and Wendy Rundle Seven-party, multi-issue, scoreable negotiation among regulatory, environmental, tribal, local government, and industry representatives to choose criteria for selecting a low-level radioactive waste disposal site … Read More 

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Mediation Used in Dispute Resolution Over Art Museums

Posted by & filed under Mediation.

When partners are negotiating a new business deal, overconfidence can lead them to overlook the possibility that the business will fail or otherwise struggle. Wise negotiators envision not only the best-case scenario, but the worst-case scenario, and prepare for it before signing on the dotted line. … Read More 

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Puerto Mauricio Development Conflict Simulation – Parts I & II

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Mieke van der Wansem, Tracy Dyke and Lawrence Susskind Thirteen-person, multi-issue, two-round, partially scoreable negotiation among government, industry, environmental, and farming stakeholders to develop a land-use plan (Part I) and among additional government stakeholders over plan approval (Part II) … Read More 

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PowerScreen Problem

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Bruce Patton, Mark Gordon and Andrew Clarkson Two-party integrative negotiation between the lawyers for business partners concerning the ownership of a new computer program one of them has developed … Read More 

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Techniques for Improving Your Negotiating Ability

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Many organizations subject their executives to rigorous performance reviews, yet few companies include negotiation effectiveness as one of the core competencies they track. Instead, negotiation is usually subsumed under categories such as “emotional intelligence,” or “persuasiveness” and negotiation techniques and their improvement through negotiation training are not a regular part of employee training programs. … Read More 

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Parking Spaces for Super Computer

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Consensus Building Institute, Inc. Two-party, two-issue scoreable negotiation between an office building owner and commercial tenant over the terms of a lease for parking spaces … Read More 

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3 Strategies for Conflict Resolution

Posted by & filed under Dispute Resolution.

When a dispute flares up, the outcome can be sadly predictable: the conflict escalates, with each side blaming the other in increasingly strident terms. The dispute may end up in litigation, and the relationship may be forever damaged. … Read More 

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Open Lands A Private Planning Negotiation

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Patrick Field, Ric Richardson, and John Harrison Eight-person facilitated negotiation among seven landowners to develop voluntary private land-use plan to provide financial security while preserving open space and agricultural land … Read More 

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Your Reputation at the Bargaining Table in Business Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Business Negotiations.

In multi-issue negotiations, research suggests that the advantage goes to negotiators with a reputation for collaboration rather than competition. In a series of studies by Catherine H. Tinsley and Kathleen O’Connor, participants were told they would be negotiating with someone who had either a tough reputation, a cooperative reputation, or an unknown reputation. Although this … Read More 

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Offshore Wind Farm Negotiation

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MIT Students in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, under the supervision of Prof. Lawrence Susskind and Dr. Herman Karl 8-party nonscorable negotiation among commercial, environmental, and governmental stakeholders over a controversial proposal to develop offshore wind farms … Read More 

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Ocean Splash

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The Consensus Building Institute, Inc. Two-party, two-issue scoreable negotiation between a charity and a corporate sponsor regarding the number and placement of advertising banners at a fundraising walk … Read More 

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New Crimea Prison Overcrowding Simulation

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Susan Podziba and Lawrence Susskind Eight-party, multi-issue negotiation among prison administrators, government leaders, criminal justice advocates, and prisoners’ rights advocates to develop recommendations for a comprehensive state policy to alleviate prison overcrowding … Read More 

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Your BATNA and How to Achieve Optimal Outcomes in Negotiations

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

The following question was posed to Program on Negotiation faculty member and associate professor of business administration at Harvard Business School in the Negotiations, Organizations & Markets Unit, Francesca Gino and involves a negotiation example from real life from the world of business negotiations. … Read More 

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Neighborhood Care, Inc.

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Lawrence Susskind and Bruce Patton Two-party negotiation or mediation between church and neighborhood representatives over the possible use of church facilities for services for the mentally challenged … Read More 

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How to Control Your Emotions in Conflict Resolution

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

To guard against acting irrationally or in ways that can harm you, authors of Beyond Reason: Using Emotions As You Negotiate Roger Fisher and Daniel Shapiro advise you to take your emotional temperature during a negotiation. Specifically, try to gauge whether your emotions are manageable, starting to heat up, or threatening to boil over. … Read More 

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Negotiated Rulemaking for Electric Utilities

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Jonathan Raab and Lavinia Hall Five-person facilitated negotiation among environmental, industry, public utility, and government representatives to revise a proposed rule incorporating environmental costs into electric utility rates … Read More 

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Negotiated Development in Redstone

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Lawrence Susskind and John Forester Two-party, two-issue scoreable negotiation between a developer and a neighborhood association representative regarding the development terms of a new condominium project … Read More 

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Nazi Party of America v. Town of Hokey

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Bruce Patton Two-party highly political negotiation between a lawyer for Nazi convention organizers and a town attorney a permit application for a Nazi Party parade in a Jewish neighborhood … Read More 

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Managing Your Counterpart’s Satisfaction in Negotiations

Posted by & filed under Win-Win Negotiations.

As the following points of win-win negotiating will demonstrate, ensuring that your counterpart is satisfied with a particular deal requires you to manage several aspects of the negotiation process, including his outcome expectations, his perceptions of your outcome, the comparisons he makes with others, and his overall negotiation experience itself. … Read More 

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National Energy Policy Simulation

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Eric Jay Dolin, Daniel Greenberg and Lawrence Susskind Highly complex multi-party, multi-issue negotiation among political, industry, environmental, and consumer leaders and lobbyists to develop a detailed proposal to reduce U.S. vulnerability to changes in energy prices and supply … Read More 

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Putting Your Negotiated Agreement Into Action

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Normally negotiators focus on the deal-at-hand as well as those present at the negotiation table, neglecting other aspects of the negotiated agreement that would not only impact others outside of the room but also require their cooperation for the agreement’s success and viability. … Read More 

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Multisumma

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Patricia Moore and Hal Movius with Lawrence Susskind Six-party, four-issue negotiation among representatives of several international aircraft companies over the terms of a potential long-term partnership … Read More 

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Multisearch Software

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Eric Gould and Michelle Easter Two-party integrative negotiation between a software developer and a software manufacturer over a possible contract for a new search engine product … Read More 

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Using Integrative Negotiation Techniques to Close the Deal

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

Like a contingency, a condition to a deal is a related though far less common deal-structuring technique. A condition is an ‘if’ statement like a contingency, but, whereas a contingency depends on unknown future events, a condition is entirely within the control of the parties involved. … Read More 

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Mouse Exercise

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Geoffrey Fink and Maria Baute Stewart Seven-party, multi-issue negotiation among a theme-park developer, neighboring mayors, a regional organization, and a national government representative over the development of a proposed theme park; involves coalition-building and cultural issues … Read More 

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Mountain View Farm

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Roger Fisher and Andrew Clarkson Two-party, multi-issue integrative negotiation between a farmer and a neighbor over the sale or lease of part of the neighbor’s land … Read More 

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Repairing Relationships Using Negotiation Skills

Posted by & filed under Dispute Resolution.

Negotiation is not only something we do at work; often the toughest negotiations we encounter are in our personal lives. Some of the most successful negotiation examples of the power of negotiation skills in dispute resolution is when they repair relationships between friends. … Read More 

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Monroe Energy Assistance Game I

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Allan Morgan and Lawrence Susskind Six-party, four-issue negotiation among representatives of consumer groups, political leaders, and public utilities to develop a statewide energy assistance plan for low-income residents … Read More 

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Making the Most of an Unappealing BATNA

Posted by & filed under BATNA.

In business negotiations, we tend to assume that it’s the more financially successful party that has an edge. But if that party has a weak BATNA, or best alternative to a negotiated agreement, it could be the seemingly weaker party that comes out on top. … Read More 

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MC Metals

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Dan Delisi, under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind and Paul Levy Six-person integrative negotiation among representatives of manufacturing company, occupational safety agency, union, local fire department, and local technical expert to settle claims of safety violations that allegedly caused two employee deaths … Read More 

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Long River

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Catherine Ashcraft and Larry Susskind A six-party, seven-person (including the mediator), multi-issue mediation among representatives of governmental, business, environmental, recreational, and tribal interests regarding a dispute over developing an instream flow action plan … Read More 

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Little v. Jenks

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Karen Falkenstein Green Two-party small-claims settlement mediation between two former friends over the sale of a problematic used car … Read More 

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Leaves Before the Fall

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James K.L. Lawrence Lawyers negotiate terms of an employer/employee dispute. The primary characteristic of the Leaves Before the Fall simulation is that the facts set out in each representative’s “confidential instructions” are the same – identical in every respect. … Read More 

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Bargaining at a Fever Pitch

Posted by & filed under Leadership Skills.

Have you ever won an auction only to realize later that you overbid for the prize? In competitive bidding situations, it’s easy to get carried away in the heat of the moment and overpay. The Boston Red Sox 2006 procurement of Japanese pitching phenomenon Daisuke “Dice-K” Matsuzaka offers a lesson in keeping cool in these … Read More 

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Least-Cost Planning Exercise

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Clinton Andrews and Lavinia Hall Six-party, multi-issue mediation among electric utilities, consumer interests, environmentalists, and mediator with technical expertise, over the best way to meet increased demands for electricity … Read More 

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Top 10 Negotiation Skills

Posted by & filed under Negotiation Skills.

Increasingly, business negotiators recognize that the most effective bargainers are skilled at both creating value and claiming value—that is, they both collaborate and compete. The following 10 negotiation skills will help you succeed at integrative negotiation. … Read More 

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Lake Wasota Fishing Rights

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Denise Madigan, Tod Loofbourrow with teaching notes by Eileen Babbitt and Lawrence Susskind Six-party, six-issue, scoreable negotiation among representatives of tribal, state, federal, recreation, and business interests over fishing rights in a large lake … Read More 

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Juvenile Justice Restorative Circle

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David Baharvar under the supervision of Robert C. Bordone Six- or eight-party mediated restorative justice circle among juvenile offender, offender’s parent, victim, community member, facilitators supporting each side, and one or two mediators, regarding a juvenile shoplifting incident … Read More 

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Humboldt

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Lawrence Susskind Eight-person, multi-issue mediation among regional government, environmental, development, and business interests regarding environmental and economic tradeoffs and ethical issues in the development of a manufacturing plant … Read More 

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Negotiation Examples to Help You Become a Better Mediator

Posted by & filed under Teaching Negotiation.

When opposing parties cannot come to a satisfactory resolution, a strong mediator can make all the difference. By effectively examining the issues at hand and helping parties identify creative solutions, a well-trained mediator builds consensus where there once was none. To help professionals learn the art of mediation, the Program on Negotiation’s Teaching Negotiation Resource Center … Read More 

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Hopkins HMO

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Janet Martinez Three-party, multi-issue contract negotiation among representatives for an HMO and two pharmaceutical companies over the purchase of a new antidepressant drug … Read More 

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Hong Kong Property Deal

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Larry Crump, based on a concept developed by Lawrence Susskind Two-party potentially integrative negotiation between a property owner and a neighboring business over the sale of two real estate parcels … Read More 

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Dealmaking: Dealing with the Other Side’s Constituents

Posted by & filed under Dealmaking.

During a meeting with a potential customer, a new salesperson leaves the room several times to make phone calls. Each time when she returns, she tells the customer she can’t accept the terms they just negotiated. Exasperated by her apparent lack of authority, the customer ends the meeting abruptly. … Read More 

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Hitana Bay Development Simulation

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International Programme for the Management of Sustainability, with Lawrence Susskind Ten-party, multi-issue negotiation among government, development, industry, labor, and preservation interests over port improvements, real-estate development, and environmental protection in a Caribbean island harbor expansion … Read More 

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Heat Islands

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Tyler Corson-Rickert and Mónica Oliver under the direction of Professor Lawrence Susskind This is a seven-party, integrative negotiation between stakeholders in a city over how to implement housing retrofits to enhance resilience to extreme heat in the aftermath of deadly heat waves attributed to climate change. … Read More 

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Negotiation Games

Posted by & filed under Conflict Resolution.

Going to trial, it’s said, is like rolling the dice. In this article, we discuss what negotiators need to be aware of before heading to the court room. … Read More 

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George and Martha

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Two-party integrative negotiation between representatives for a divorcing couple over the amount of child support payments … Read More 

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Gator v. City of Quincy

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Karen Falkenstein Green Three-person small-claims mediation between a motorist and a city attorney regarding liability for damage to the motorist’s automobile due to a pothole … Read More 

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Gadgets, Inc.

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Cheri Peele and Lawrence Susskind Six-party, four-issue negotiation among a company’s management and union representatives, environmental groups, and state and federal environmental agencies over fines and adoption of new technology in response to the company’s illegal polluting … Read More 

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Franklin Family Foundation and Westbrook Regional School District

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Catherine Preston and Lawrence Susskind Twelve-person, two-round negotiation between six foundation board members and six school board and community leaders over efforts to address racial disparities in academic performance; internal negotiations precede external … Read More 

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Arbitration vs Mediation: Teambuilding, ADR, and Using Negotiation Examples from Real Life

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During his years as George H.W. Bush’s Secretary of State, one of James A. Baker, III’s, goals was to encourage the free-market reforms that Communist Party of the Soviet Union General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev had launched in the late 1980s. One day during his tenure, a high-level Bush administration official commented in the press that … Read More 

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Federal Lands Management II

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Consensus Building Institute, Montana Consensus Council and Bureau of Land Management Facilitated multi-party negotiation over the appropriate environmental, commercial, residential, and other uses of federal lands in the Rocky Mountains … Read More 

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Federal Lands Management I

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Consensus Building Institute, Montana Consensus Council, and Bureau of Land Management Facilitated multi-party negotiation over the appropriate decision-making process for a federal land management dispute … Read More 

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Farrakhan Negotiation, The

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Eric Collins Five-person, multi-issue negotiation among university administrators and student organizers over cost and arrangements for a controversial figure to speak on campus … Read More 

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Ellsworth v. Ellsworth

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Frank Sander and William Ury Two-party, multi-issue negotiation between lawyers for a divorcing couple over the terms of the divorce, including alimony, child support, and income tax issues … Read More 

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Metaphorical Negotiation and Defining Negotiation Skills

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Negotiators talk about building agreement, bluffing the opposition, and volleying offers back and forth. According to mediator Thomas Smith, careful attention to such metaphors can reveal deeper meaning beneath the explicit words that people use, notably regarding how they view the negotiation process and their relationship to one another. … Read More 

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Ellis v. MacroB

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Kate Harvey and David Kovick, under the supervision of Lawrence Susskind and Jennifer Brown 5-person nonscorable mediation between an employee and his/her corporate employer regarding potentially conflicting values and interests around issues of homosexuality and religious faith … Read More 

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East Falls Brownfields

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Tracy Dyke, under the direction of Lawrence Susskind and Susan Podziba Seven-person, non-scoreable, facilitated negotiation among planners, regulators and activists regarding the cleanup and redevelopment of environmentally contaminated property … Read More 

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DS-30

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Robert Ricigliano and Victor Issraelyan Two-party, integrative international negotiation between representatives of two neighboring countries over compensation for pollution in one of the countries caused by an industrial accident in the other country … Read More 

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Discount Marketplace and Hawkins Development

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Lawrence Bacow Two-party negotiation between a shopping center developer and a prospective anchor tenant over the terms of the proposed lease’s “use, assignment, and subletting” clause … Read More 

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DirtyStuff I

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Lawrence Susskind Five-person, multi-issue facilitated negotiation among industry, environmental, labor, and government representatives to develop single-text regulation of toxic industrial by-product … Read More 

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Dirty Laundry

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Pat Aaron Three-person mediated small-claims dispute between a dry cleaning business and a customer over compensation for torn shirts … Read More 

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Development on Bay Island

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Rafael Montalvo and Bruce Stiftel Two-party distributive negotiation between a developer and a city representative over the amount of money the developer will pay the city to defray costs associated with development … Read More 

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Negotiation Scenario: Hammering out Local Strategies for Managing Climate-related Public Health Risks

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Climate change is already causing increased temperatures, more intense storms, and rising sea levels in many parts of the world. The threats, particularly the impacts on human health, are daunting. Despite uncertainties about the timing and severity of the impacts of climate change in each location, this simulation asserts that cities and towns must take … Read More 

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Development Dispute at Menehune Bay

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Lawrence Susskind, Thomas Dinell, and Vicki Shook Six-party, multi-issue, facilitated negotiation of a dispute over environmental issues, native rights, and commercial development interests in Hawaii … Read More 

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DEC v. Riverside

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David Lax, James Sebenius, Lawrence Susskind, and Thomas Weeks Two-party, multi-issue, scoreable negotiation between a manufacturer and a state environmental agency to reach a settlement over the manufacturer’s pollution of a local river … Read More 

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Define Negotiation Skills: Trust in Negotiations

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Trust may develop naturally over time, but negotiators rarely have the luxury of letting nature take its course. Thus it sometimes seems easiest to play it safe with cautious deals involving few tradeoffs, few concessions, and little information sharing between parties. … Read More 

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Contract Negotiations in the Building Trades

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Lawrence Susskind Nine-party, multi-issue contract negotiation among three coalitions involved in the building trades; includes internal coalition meetings before the external negotiations … Read More 

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Collective Bargaining at Southern Express

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Lawrence Susskind and Charles Hecksher Two-team, multi-issue collective bargaining contract negotiation between three union representatives and three management representatives for a major airline; includes an internal team meeting before external negotiations … Read More 

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What Makes a Good Mediator?

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What makes a good mediator? And how is it that mediators—who themselves lack any power to impose a solution—nevertheless often lead bitter disputants to agreement? … Read More 

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Collective Bargaining at Central Division

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Lawrence Susskind, Charles Hecksher, and Elaine Landry Two-team, multi-issue collective bargaining contract negotiation between three union representatives and three management representatives for a telephone company; includes an internal team meeting before external negotiations … Read More 

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Clarke v. California Insurance Co., et al.

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Harvard Negotiation Project and Hastings College of Law Two-party distributive negotiation between counsel for an insurance company and the insured regarding a disability benefits settlement … Read More 

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Chemco, Inc.

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Wendy Pabich and Lawrence Susskind Six-person, five-issue negotiation between three industrial factory representatives and three environmental agency representatives over environmental and economic concerns in the wake of damaging negative publicity for both parties … Read More 

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Changing Times for the Senior Center in Redwood Hills

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Connie Ozawa Multi-party, multi-issue facilitated negotiation for five or six players representing civic and business leaders and owner of a senior center regarding the expansion of other groups’ use of the center … Read More 

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The Best Negotiation Exercises, Simulations and Videos for the New Semester

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The air is buzzing with excitement as students, teachers and institutions prepare for the new academic year. Have you planned your curriculum and purchased your teaching material? We’re here to help you to find the best negotiation exercises and teaching aids for your negotiation classes. The Teaching Negotiation Resource Center is your one-stop shop for negotiation … Read More 

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Carter Estate Problem, The

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Mark Drooks, Andrew Tavel, Kenneth Hyatt, Mark Gordon, and Bruce Patton Two-party, multi-issue integrative negotiation between brothers over the settlement of their father’s estate … Read More 

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How to Resolve Cultural Conflict: Overcoming Cultural Barriers at the Negotiation Table

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After recently losing an important deal in India, a business negotiator learned that her counterpart felt as if she had been rushing through the talks. The business negotiator thought she was being efficient with their time. In this useful cross-cultural negotiation example, how should this negotiator improve her negotiation skills? … Read More 

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Camilia Pictures

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Robyn Cali and Robert C. Bordone Two-party, multi-issue, potentially integrative settlement negotiation between lawyers for a large entertainment conglomerate and its wholly-owned film production company over the rights to a new documentary film and the clients’ future relationship … Read More 

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Bullard Houses

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Ron Karp, David Gold and Mox Tan Two-party, multi-issue real estate negotiation between representatives for a buyer and seller, where BATNAs are important … Read More 

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Broken Benches

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Author(s): Marjorie Corman Aaron and JAMS/Endispute Four-person mediation and/or arbitration of a personal injury claim, among plaintiff, plaintiff’s lawyer, and counsel for defendant’s insurance company; arbitrator roles include possible plaintiff or defense bias … Read More 

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The Importance of Power in Negotiations

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In negotiation, our success often hinges on our bargaining power—which in turn can depend on forces beyond our control. That truism was highlighted in two recent disputes arising from business negotiations over the pricing of copyrighted material in the digital era, one from the music world, the other from publishing. … Read More 

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Bradford Development

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Two-party, single-issue distributive negotiation over a linkage payment that a developer must make to a city government; includes ethical issues … Read More 

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Brachton Collective Bargaining Exercise

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Two-team, multi-issue employment contract negotiation between three teachers’ union representatives and three school committee representatives; includes internal team meetings before external negotiations … Read More 

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Bog Berries, Inc. v. the Federal Environmental Agency

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Catherine Preston and Lawrence Susskind Five-issue negotiation between three factory representatives and three Federal Environmental Agency representatives over the factory’s new operational agreement, in the context of harsh public criticism of both parties … Read More 

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Integrative Bargaining Examples: Expanding the Pie – Integrative versus Distributive Bargaining Negotiation Strategies

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Imagine that you’re buying a used car from its original owner. Of course, you want to get the best deal you can for your money, while your counterpart wants to maximize the value of his asset. After haggling with one another, each side finally arrives at a price point acceptable to both parties. But how … Read More 

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Big Pipeline in Swagwit

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Kelly Davenport, Pat Field and Lawrence Susskind Two-party, two-issue integrative negotiation between representatives of a construction company and a Native American group regarding allocation of construction jobs … Read More 

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Bankruptcy Multiparty Negotiation Simulation

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James Emerson with Ben Longoria, under the supervision of Professors Robert Mnookin and Lawrence Susskind This exercise is a six-party simulation of multiparty negotiations in a bankruptcy (reorganization) and mass torts context. The simulation represents a … … Read More 

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Star Wars Stories: George Lucas and a Strong BATNA, Passed Over

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In negotiation, your best source of power is typically your best alternative to a negotiated agreement, or BATNA. When you are aware that you have an appealing alternative deal to the one you’re working on, you will be less tempted to accept an agreement that doesn’t meet your minimum requirements. A strong BATNA gives you … Read More 

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Bakra Beverage

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Dan Vogel, under the supervision of Robert Bordone and Gillien Todd … Read More 

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Arms Control on Cobia

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P. Terrance Hopmann Multi-issue arms control negotiation among representatives of eight fictional countries … Read More 

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Choose the Right Dispute Resolution Process

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What is dispute resolution? There are three basic types of dispute resolution, each with its pros and cons. The first two, mediation and arbitration, are considered types of alternative dispute resolution because they are an alternative to litigation. … Read More 

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Armenia/Azerbaijan/Nagorno Karabakh

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Taline Aharonian and Agieszka Klich Complex 13-party, two-team facilitated negotiation between private citizens from both sides of an actual long-term ethnic conflict … Read More 

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Aerospace Investment

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Nicholas Sabin Two-party term sheet negotiation between a venture capitalist and the founder of an aerospace start-up company in which participants are scored both on their substantive performance and on the other party’s perception of the relationship … Read More 

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Negotiation Exercises to Help Your Students Avoid Cross-Cultural Pitfalls

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It’s no secret that communication and negotiation etiquette varies widely across cultures. In France, for example, it is rude to talk money over dinner, while in Brazil the American ‘A-OK’ gesture (thumb and forefinger forming a circle) can be a major insult. The increasingly diverse and global nature of business sets the stage for disputes that … Read More 

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Amending Approval for the Storyville Pulp and Paper Mill

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Consensus Building Institute and Alberta Environmental Appeal Board Mediation of a three-party dispute among a paper mill, a community group, and an environmental regulatory agency over the paper mill’s air pollution permit … Read More 

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Allies in Alexia

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The Consensus Building Institute Six-party nonscorable negotiation among nonprofit, business, and community representatives regarding the most appropriate methods for fund raising and distributions … Read More 

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Pepulator Pricing Exercise

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Mark Drooks and Mark Gordon Two-team, scoreable, multiple round, “prisoner’s dilemma”-style negotiation between representatives of two companies over the monthly price for fictional products called “pepulators” … Read More 

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Parking Facility Venture

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Three-party scoreable negotiation among three firms regarding the joint construction of an off-street parking facility; variation of “Three-Party Coalition” … Read More 

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Managing Growth in Rockville

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Armand Ciccarelli and Lawrence Susskind Seven-person, multi-issue mediation among business, planning, environmental, and agricultural interests regarding growth management and comprehensive planning … Read More 

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Jefferson Hazardous Waste Negotiation

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Vicki Arroyo and Lawrence Susskind Eight-party, five-issue negotiation among community, environmental, business, and government interests over the formulation of a statewide hazardous waste siting policy … Read More 

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